With all the current experts in leadership, management and business, we might think these are new concepts. But you may be surprised to know that these practices were prevalent in ancient times as well. Read this record from a few thousand years ago and observe the text in bold to identify the various organizational levels.
“These are the records of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the testimony, as they were recorded at the commandment of Moses, the responsibility of the Levites under the direction of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the Lord commanded Moses: and with him was Oholiab the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver and designer and embroider in blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen” (Exo 38:21-23).
Leadership: Commandment of Moses
Management: Responsibility of the Levites
Administration: Direction of Ithamar
Production: Made all that the Lord commanded Moses
Sure, there are various ways to look at organizational management levels, but the text in Exodus is clear that they had a very clear form of order.
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