How much liability does the leader carry? Are the sins of the people indicative of the leader’s incapability to lead and teach?
I suggest three considerations. First, the people have the primary responsibility to follow and obey God’s Word. Second, leaders have the responsibility to lead, teach, correct, and ensure that the people walk according to God’s ways. Third, we leaders have the privilege of handing over all of the responsibility to God. His shoulders are big enough. Jesus bore the guilt on the cross.
For the Israelites, the high priest was the spiritual leader. Symbolically he bore the guilt of the people on his forehead – that they may be acceptable before the Lord. Although the high priest bore the guilt, it was then given to God (Exo 28:38). It’s a transfer of guilt.
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